Originally created by Sarah Franks.
|STEP ONE. Draw a curved line, letting it
curve outwards a little at the right side. This line will serve as the top
|STEP TWO. Draw a second curved line
underneath the top lash line, making a bump on the left side to create a
lemon shape. Make sure the top line extends further than the bottom
|STEP THREE. Draw a three-quarter circle
inside the lemon shape. This will be the iris of the eye. Be sure not to
let the circle touch the bottom lash line. Additionally, close off the
bump in the lemon shape to create the tear gland.
|STEP FOUR. Draw two more curved lines,
one above the top lash line and one below the bottom one. Follow the
contours of the lash lines so they will look more natural. Inside of the
iris, draw two smaller circles, the smallest overlapping the other. This
will eventually become the pupil and the highlight.
|STEP FIVE. Fill in the pupil and darken
the top lash line. In my drawing, the highlight is completely enclosed
within the pupil, but you can make yours overlap into the iris if you’d
like. Be sure when darkening the lash line to include the part that
extends out at the right.
|STEP SIX. Above the eye, draw a contour
line for the eyebrow. This line can vary greatly in shape and length, as
many women shape their eyebrows differently. In this example, I made them
simply curve, but try experimenting and finding a shape that you
|STEP SEVEN. Fill in the contour line to
create the eyebrow. The easiest way to do this is to make small, quick,
sketch-like strokes. Eyebrow hair grows in the direction away from the
nose, so only make strokes in that direction. To give your eyebrow a more
realistic look, try making a few stray hairs around the innermost and
outermost part of the brow.
|STEP EIGHT. Now it’s time to draw the
eyelashes. Typically, eyelashes curve outwards and up, and towards the
center of the eye they appear to be curling in the opposite direction as
the others. Don’t make only a few lines for the eyelashes; draw a few long
ones and several shorter ones alternately. For the best effect, thicken
the lashes using a “spider leg” effect, where the bottom of the lash is
thicker than the tip, making it appear as if several lashes are clumped
together. Don’t make the bottom lashes as dramatic as the top ones, as the
bottom lashes in real life are finer and shorter than the top
|STEP NINE. First, shade in the tear
gland. Second, fill in the iris. The iris usually displays lots of
different shades of color, so the best way to create this effect is to
darken the outer edge and make a gradient effect from dark to light
towards the center. Additionally, I like to add dark flecks in the iris as
occurs in real life. Keep in mind the color you want the eye to be; the
shading in this example is ideal for darker colors, but if you would like
to make the eye a light color, just make the shading lighter.
|STEP TEN. Add the rest of the shading to
the image. Here, I darkened the top and bottom creases slightly and shaded
both above and below it. Make sure not to shade too much under the bottom
lash line, or else it will look as if she hasn’t slept in a while. I also
put a little bit of shading right below the eyebrow. Also, due to the many
blood vessels in the eye and shadows cast by the lashes themselves, the
white of the eye rarely appears white; make sure to add shading to that,
especially at the top under the lash line. Without shadows to the white of
the eye, it looks flat and unrealistic.
|STEP ELEVEN. Repeat the process to create
the right eye. If you are having problems with the symmetry, there are two
easy methods to go about making the other eye. The first is to flip the
paper over, make another left eye, then turn the paper back over and trace
through to the other side. Just make sure the highlight is in the same
place as the original eye. The second method is to take a ruler, index
card, or any other straight edge and make lines across the paper to mark
where things should be (ie, the apex of the top lash line, the tear gland,
the eyebrow, etc). Remember that your eyes are not exactly
identical, so it is okay if the other eye you draw looks slightly
different in shape or size.
Congratulations! You can now easily make
realistic female eyes. Always remember, however, that eyes are like fingerprints
in that no person’s eyes are exactly the same as another’s. Experiment with eye
shapes, sizes, and colors!